Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (DK109559)
Received: 31 May 2019
Accepted: 30 September 2019
First Online: 4 November 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Research involving human material was performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and approved by the Institutional Review Board and the Office of Human Research Ethics at the University of North Carolina. Human small intestinal (jejunum) were obtained from a gastric by-pass procedure at UNC Hospitals with patient consent under an approved protocol (UNC IRB #14–2013).
: The manuscript contains no details, images, or videos relating to an individual person so that this section is not applicable.
: N.L.A. and Y.W. have a financial interest in Altis Biosystems, Inc. The remaining authors disclose no conflicts.