Funding for this research was provided by:
the National Science Foundation of China (81874137, 82002614)
the Science and Technology Innovation Program of Hunan Province (2020RC4011)
the Outstanding Youth Foundation of Hunan Province (2022JJ20092)
the Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province (2021JJ40935)
the Wisdom Accumulation and Talent Cultivation Project of Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University (BJ202001, YX202103)
Received: 13 August 2022
Accepted: 2 December 2022
First Online: 20 December 2022
: The study protocol conformed to the ethical guidelines of the 1975 Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by the ethics committee of the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University (No. 22112). All the animals received human care. Seventy-four human HCC specimens were collected from the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University between January 2020 and February 2022, and patient consent was waived due to the retrospective design of the study and approval from the ethics committee.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.