Received: 15 October 2018
Accepted: 3 January 2019
First Online: 14 January 2019
: AL has worked as a police officer since 1987 and is currently employed by the University of Stavanger as a PhD candidate. AL was a delegate for the Norwegian Red Cross Rescue Corps to the International Commission for Alpine Rescue (ICAR), Avalanche commission, from 1996 to 2015. CT is a trained electrical engineer and nurse and has worked as a Helicopter Emergency Medical Service rescue paramedic since 2001. Both authors are members of volunteer mountain rescue teams and former avalanche dog handlers.
: AL was granted access to data by the Joint Rescue Co-ordination Centers and from the National Police Directorate of Norway. Only AL had direct access to the JRCC and police rescue logs, reports, and the subsequent Excel database.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.