Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institutes of Health (R00HL096955)
Received: 6 March 2019
Accepted: 9 October 2019
First Online: 6 December 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: We received ethics approval and permission to conduct this study in each of the participating institutions: Hospital Nacional Edgardo Rebagliati Martins, Hospital Nacional Guillermo Almenara Irigoyen, Hospital Nacional Arzobispo Loayza, and Hospital de Emergencias Casimiro Ulloa. Ethics approvals were obtained from the institutional review boards of A.B. PRISMA and ESSALUD Hospital Nacional Edgardo Rebagliati Martins in Lima, Peru, and the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine in Baltimore, USA. We obtained a waiver of written informed consent from all institutions to conduct this observational study.
: We obtained consent for publication of de-identified data.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.