Funding for this research was provided by:
Baxter Healthcare Corporation
Received: 3 July 2020
Accepted: 14 September 2020
First Online: 28 September 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: LEEP-COVID study was approved by Duke Institutional Review Board. A waiver of consent was granted by Duke IRB due to minimal risk to patient from FDA-approved QNRG indirect calorimeter assessment. All patients were provided an information sheet when able to be awake and oriented (if possible) and given option to withdraw from the study with no data retained.
: Not applicable; all authors have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript.
: Dr. Wischmeyer reports receiving investigator-initiated grant funding related to this work from National Institutes of Health, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Baxter, and Fresenius. Dr. Wischmeyer has served as a consultant to Abbott, Fresenius, Baxter, Cardinal Health, and Nutricia, for research related to this work. Dr. Wischmeyer has received unrestricted gift donation for nutrition research from Musclesound. Dr. Wischmeyer has received honoraria or travel expenses for CME lectures on improving nutrition care from Abbott, Baxter, and Danone-Nutricia.