Funding for this research was provided by:
Direction générale des armées (project FastGeneII, project FastGeneII, project FastGeneII)
Received: 6 April 2022
Accepted: 21 August 2022
First Online: 3 October 2022
: Our ICU is part of the French COVID consortium (registered in clinicaltrials.gov NCT04262921). The French COVID scientific committee approved the NOSOCOVID ancillary study and the additional oropharyngeal and rectal samples. The study was conducted with the understanding and consent of each participant or surrogate. The French COVID received ethical clearance on February 5, 2020 by the CPP-Ile-de-France VI (ID RCB: 2020-A00256-33). The OutcomeRea™ database provided anonymous extractions of daily data collected during the ICU stays in accordance with the French law (“Commission Nationale de l’Informatique et des Libertés” #999,262).
: Not applicable.
: ER received research grants from bioMérieux, consulting fees from Illumina and speaker fees from Eumedica. Unrelated to the research presented: JFT participated to advisory board for Pfizer, Gilead, Merck, Medimune, BD, Paratek. JFT received fees for lectures for Gilead, Pfizer, Merck, BD. JFT received research grants from Thermofischer, Merck, Pfizer. The other authors have no conflict of interest to declare.