Funding for this research was provided by:
The National Key R&D Programme of China (2016YFC1200500)
The Guangzhou Synergy Innovation Key Programme for Health (201508020263, 201803040006)
The Science and Technology Planning Project of Guangdong Province of China (2016A020251001)
The Guangzhou International Science and Technology Cooperation Programme (2012J5100026)
National Training Programme of Innovation and Entrepreneurship for Undergraduates (201612121026)
The Guangdong Province Training Programme of Innovation and Entrepreneurship for Undergraduates (201712121114)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-10-14
Received: 27 April 2019
Accepted: 12 September 2019
First Online: 14 October 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Participation in this study was fully voluntary. The volunteers were recruited after agreeing to participate and signing a written informed consent form. Although no direct exposure to mosquito female-biting occurs with the use of HDNs, all collectors were trained and provided free medical care if they showed any symptoms suspected to be caused by MBDs. The main collectors included the authors. The experiments using HDNs in this study were approved by the Ethics Commission of Southern Medical University (2016-0011). No protected species were involved in this study.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.