Funding for this research was provided by:
The Donkey Sanctuary (190648, 190895)
Received: 2 May 2019
Accepted: 16 March 2020
First Online: 21 March 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Ethical approval for this study was granted by the University of Glasgow School of Veterinary Medicine ethics committee (reference 21a/13), The Donkey Sanctuary ethics board and the Gambian Ministry of Agriculture. The study abided by the Veterinary Surgeons Act 1966 (this was the criteria used by the committee), procedures were performed by a veterinary surgeon and the procedures were of direct benefit to the animal (diagnostic blood samples) and so the study did not come under Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986. Verbal consent was obtained from the owner for inclusion in this study and documented on the dedicated form.
: Verbal consent was obtained from the owner for inclusion in this study and documented on the dedicated form.
: The authors have declared that they have no competing interests.