Funding for this research was provided by:
Terry Fox Research Institute
Princess Margaret Cancer Foundation
Ministry of Advanced Education (Ontario Graduate Scholarships)
Canada Research Chairs
University of Toronto
Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science (Ontario Research Fund Small Infrastructure Program)
Canada Foundation for Innovation (32383)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2018-10-31
Received: 20 August 2018
Accepted: 15 October 2018
First Online: 31 October 2018
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The ethics approval for this retrospective study was obtained from the University Health Network Research Ethics Board (CAPCR/UHN REB number 13-7206). Written informed consent for tissue biobanking was obtained from all participants. All research conformed with the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki.
: No identifying personal information was collected in this study. All patient information were anonymized.
: DLC is currently an employee of Pfizer Canada Inc.. PSO has received compensation as a consultant or advisor for Venus, Symphogen, and Providence. The remaining authors declare that they have no competing interests.
: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.