Funding for this research was provided by:
National Health and Medical Research Council (1113400, 1107258)
Received: 29 October 2020
Accepted: 7 January 2021
First Online: 6 February 2021
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: This study is approved by the University of Queensland Human Research Ethics Committee (approval number: 2011001173). The UK Biobank has approval from the North West Multi-centre Research Ethics Committee (MREC), which covers the UK (approval number: 11/NW/0382). It also sought approval in England and Wales from the Patient Information Advisory Group (PIAG) for gaining access to information that would allow it to invite people to participate. PIAG has since been replaced by the National Information Governance Board for Health & Social Care (NIGB). In Scotland, UK Biobank has approval from the Community Health Index Advisory Group (CHIAG). For more information, please refer to the UKB ethics website at ExternalRef removed. All research conformed to the principles of the Helsinki Declaration.
: Not applicable
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.