Funding for this research was provided by:
CIHR (365825, 409511)
NIHR Oxford Biomedical Research Centre
Received: 29 July 2020
Accepted: 22 January 2021
First Online: 3 February 2021
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: This research was approved by the UK Biobank, the MrOS US cohort, the MrOS Sweden cohort, the SOF cohort, and the China Kadoorie Biobank research committees. Specific institutional review board approval was not required for this research. This research has been conducted using the UK Biobank Resource under Application Number 24268.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.