Funding for this research was provided by:
Health Research Council of New Zealand (14/527)
Received: 3 January 2020
Accepted: 20 February 2020
First Online: 12 March 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: In New Zealand, the New Zealand Multi-Region Ethics Committee (MEC/05/10/130) and the Northern Y Region Health Research Ethics Committee (Ngāti Porou Hauora Charitable Trust study; NTY07/07/074) provided ethical approval for the study. The following institutional committees in Europe and Australia also granted ethical approval: Research Ethics Committee, University of New South Wales; Ethikkommission, Technische Universität Dresden (EK 8012012); South East Scotland Research Ethics Committee (04/S1102/41); Commission Cantonale D’éthique de la Recherche sur l’être Humain, Université de Lausanne; Commissie Mensgebonden Onderzoek regio Arnhem Nijmegen. All subjects gave written informed consent. The Database of Genotype and Phenotype (ExternalRef removed) approval number was #834 for accessing data from the ARIC, FHS, CARDIA and CHS studies.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.