Funding for this research was provided by:
Received: 14 August 2022
Accepted: 2 December 2022
First Online: 13 December 2022
: The UK Biobank received ethical permits from the North West Multi-centre Research Ethics Committee, the National Information Governance Board for Health and Social Care in England and Wales, and the Community Health Index Advisory Group in Scotland. All participants provided written informed consent. All studies included in cited genome-wide association studies had been approved by a relevant review board. The present MR analyses were approved by the Swedish Ethical Review Authority (2019-02793).
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.