Received: 18 December 2020
Accepted: 13 April 2021
First Online: 21 April 2021
: This study was conducted in full compliance of relevant provisions of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. Researchers had access to only a limited dataset that contained no patient identifiers and no patients were contacted directly. The study was exempt from Investigational Review Board oversight under the provisions of Privacy Rule 45 CFR 164.514(e).
: Not applicable.
: LP, QM and VW are employees of HealthCore, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Anthem, Inc. QS and AA were an employee of HealthCore, Inc. at the time of the study. GC, and LHS are employees of Anthem, Inc. None were compensated for their contribution to this work beyond their salaries. The funding source (Anthem including Amerigroup) had no role in the preparation, approval, or decision to submit the manuscript for publication.