Funding for this research was provided by:
MSD Life Science Foundation, Public Interest Incorporated Foundation (MSD Avenir DS 2016 005)
Received: 22 October 2020
Accepted: 15 March 2021
First Online: 23 March 2021
: This study using colon biopsies and blood from patients living with HIV (PLWH) was approved by the Research Ethics Boards of the Research Institute of McGill University Health Centre (MUHC), Montreal, QC, Canada and the Centre Hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal (CHUM) Research Centre, Montréal, QC, Canada. The study also received approval from the Comité d’Ethique du Sud Ouest et Outremer (DC 2012/48) and was conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Each participant provided written informed consent before any study procedure.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.