Received: 19 July 2021
Accepted: 21 September 2021
First Online: 10 October 2021
: The research design and consent procedures were reviewed and approved by Sheffield Hallam University Research Ethics Committee (reference number: HWB-2016-17-S&E-29). Written informed consent was received from all participants. All methods were carried out in accordance with relevant guidelines and regulations.
: Not applicable.
: HQ and SH are both <i>parkrun</i> participants and members of the <i>parkrun</i> Research Board at the Advanced Wellbeing Research Centre at Sheffield Hallam University (SH is Chair of the <i>parkrun</i> Research Board, HQ is Deputy Chair). The funding body (<i>parkrun</i>) were not involved the writing of this manuscript. Representatives of the funder (Chrissie Wellington, Frank Jones) reviewed and approved the final manuscript.