Funding for this research was provided by:
American Pain Society (Sharon S. Keller Chronic Pain Research Grant)
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (Place Outcomes Research Award)
Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (K23 AT009458)
Received: 16 June 2021
Accepted: 3 September 2021
First Online: 15 September 2021
: This study was approved by the Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center Institutional Review Board (IRB00000231). The IRB approved the written consent and assent documents and procedures. Given that all participants were minors (under 18 years old), assent was obtained from each child and consent was obtained from their respective parent/legal guardian.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.