Funding for this research was provided by:
division of social and economic sciences (2027836)
national institute of allergy and infectious diseases (K01AI137123)
Received: 17 June 2021
Accepted: 12 November 2021
First Online: 25 November 2021
: The protocol was reviewed and approved by ethical review committees in each country, including the University of Michigan Health Sciences and Behavioral Sciences Institutional Review Board (#HUM00180096), the Fudan University School of Public Health ethical review committee (#IRB00002408), the National Taiwan University Hospital Research Ethics Committee (#202007102RINB), the Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (#U/SERC/107/2020), the Institutional Review Board at Universitas Syiah Kuala/Dr. Zaionel Abidin Hospital, Indonesia (#041/EA/FK-RSUDZA/2020), and the Sigma-IRB in New Delhi, India (#10003/IRB/20-21). Participants read an informed consent form and clicked “I agree to participate in the study” prior to any data collection occurring.
: Not applicable.
: We declare no competing interests.