Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institutes of Health (R01HD084124, T32HD071866)
Received: 24 September 2021
Accepted: 15 June 2022
First Online: 7 July 2022
: All participants provided written and verbal consent to participate in the respective studies. OA participants were enrolled in the TWEAK Trial (R01HD084124, NCT02628795) at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (Birmingham, AL, USA). Muscle from young individuals were from a previous study conducted at Auburn university (IRB protocol #: 18–266 AR 1806; Auburn, AL, USA).
: Not applicable.
: No conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise, are declared by the authors.