Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institutes of Health (P30GM103341, U54MD007584, G12MD007601, K01HL125504, 1D37MD008636, P20GM103457)
Received: 15 March 2019
Accepted: 11 June 2019
First Online: 28 June 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: This study was approved by the University of Hawaii Committee on Human Subjects, and informed consent was approved for all subjects in parent study of the HAHC-CVD cohort.
: Not applicable
: Authors declare no competing financial and/or non-financial interests for this study.