Funding for this research was provided by:
FP7 Ideas: European Research Council (AdvG-2012-321670)
H2020 European Research Council (AdvG-2017-785809)
Agentschap voor Innovatie door Wetenschap en Technologie (IWT-TBM110685)
Vereniging Trustfonds Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam (-)
European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN Research grant)
Methusalem program of the Flemish government (METH14/06)
Sophia Research Foundation (-)
Stichting Agis Zorginnovatie (-)
Received: 21 April 2021
Accepted: 25 June 2021
First Online: 27 July 2021
: Institutional Review Board approval had been obtained in the three centres participating in the PEPaNIC study (Leuven: ML8052; Rotterdam: NL49708.078; Edmonton: Pro00038098) and the study was performed in accordance with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its amendments. Parents or legal guardians of the children provided written informed consent.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.