Funding for this research was provided by:
Fondation pour la Recherche Médicale
Mutuelle Générale de l'Education Nationale
Agence Nationale de la Recherche
French Ministry of Research’s IFR program
INSERM Nutrition Research Program
French Ministry of Health’s Perinatality Program
French National Institute for Population Health Surveillance
French National Institute for Health Education
French-language association for the study of diabetes and metabolism
Received: 20 February 2019
Accepted: 13 June 2019
First Online: 22 June 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The ethical committees who approved the study are: Comité Consultatif pour la Protection des Personnes dans la Recherche Biomédicale, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre University hospital, and Commission Nationale de l’Informatique et des Libertés. The study was approved on 12 December 2002. Written consent was obtained from the mother for herself at the beginning of the study and from both parents for the newborn child after delivery.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.