Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institutes of Health (R01-ES016669)
Tobacco-Related Disease Research Program (8RT-0115)
Received: 30 November 2020
Accepted: 23 February 2021
First Online: 18 March 2021
: Study activities were approved by the Institutional Review Board at Kaiser Permanente and the State Committee for the Protection of Human Subjects. Informed consent was not required for the EMA study; consent forms for screening programs were distributed at the time of collection, which stipulated that specimens and results from prenatal and neonatal testing could be used for research purposes given IRB approval.
: Not applicable; no individual data is presented here.
: The authors have no financial conflicts of interest to disclose.