Funding for this research was provided by:
AO Foundation (S-13-134K)
National Institutes of Health (R01DE021468, R01AR057837-06S1, R01AR057837)
U.S. Department of Defense (W81XWH-10-1-0966)
James G. Boswell Foundation
Text and Data Mining valid from 2018-10-31
Received: 15 May 2018
Revised: 24 August 2018
Accepted: 30 September 2018
First Online: 31 October 2018
: Ethics approval for the harvesting of deer antlers was obtained from Stanford University’s Administrative Panel on Laboratory Animal Care (APLAC 28057).
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.