Funding for this research was provided by:
AO Foundation (na)
Received: 8 September 2020
Accepted: 29 November 2020
First Online: 7 January 2021
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Vertebral bone marrow aspirates were obtained with written consent from patients undergoing spine surgery. IVD tissues from patients with traumatic injury and from patients diagnosed with IVD degeneration were obtained with written consent from patients undergoing spine surgery. Non-degenerated IVD tissues were obtained from organ donors after donor and familial consent by the McGill Scoliosis & Spinal Research Group via a collaboration with Transplant Quebec and approval by the McGill University’s Institutional Review Board (IRB# A04-M53-08B).
: Not applicable
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.