Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institutes of Health (UG3OD023337)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (R01HL095606; U01HL072494)
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (P30ES023515)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (T32HD049311)
Received: 23 July 2020
Accepted: 9 December 2020
First Online: 6 January 2021
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: For the ACCESS cohort, all procedures were approved by the human studies committees at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Boston Medical Center in Boston, MA; written informed consent was obtained in the mother’s preferred language. For the PRISM cohort, all procedures were approved by the institutional review boards at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, MA, and the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City. Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center relied on the Brigham and Women’s Hospital for review and oversight of the protocol. Written informed consent was obtained in the mother’s preferred language.
: The authors have no competing conflicts of interest.