Funding for this research was provided by:
National Natural Science Foundation of China (81302130)
National Institutes of Health (R01-CA166111 (DEK))
Military Medical Scientific Youth Cultivation Project (13QNP054)
Received: 12 November 2019
Accepted: 26 February 2020
First Online: 13 March 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: All experiments with mice were performed under a protocol approved by Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) of the University of Pennsylvania, the Corporal Michael J. Crescenz VA Medical Center, and Second Military Medical University and received humane care according to the criteria outlined in the “Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals”. All study involving human samples were got ethical approval from ethics committee of Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital, Second Military Medical University. Written informed consent was obtained from all patients.
: Not applicable.
: All authors declare that they have no competing interests.