Received: 9 November 2021
Accepted: 7 February 2022
First Online: 4 March 2022
: The study was performed in accordance with the ethical standards as laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments. The study was approved by the institutional review board of all medical centers—SUMC (confirmation number 0423-16), SCGH and WA Department of Health (confirmation number 2015-04) and BIDMC (confirmation number 2012-P-000120/4). The IRB approvals exempted the study from informed consent due to the retrospective data collection that maintained subject confidentiality. Patient records were anonymized and de-identified prior to analysis.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.