Funding for this research was provided by:
Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan (MOST108- 2221-E-005-021-MY3)
Received: 25 November 2021
Accepted: 15 June 2023
First Online: 15 July 2023
: We declare the following:InlineEquation removed The work described has not been submitted elsewhere for publication, and all the authors listed have approved the manuscript that is enclosed.InlineEquation removed We have read and abided by the statement of ethical standards for manuscripts submitted to Journal of Cloud Computing.