Funding for this research was provided by:
Edwards Lifesciences (n/a)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-08-22
Received: 13 May 2019
Accepted: 22 July 2019
First Online: 22 August 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: This study was approved by the Duke University Medical Center institutional review board (IRB# Pro00052995).Data on enhanced recovery patients was collected prospectively and by review of the electronic medical record. Informed consent was obtained from these patients during the preoperative evaluation process.All data on historical cohort patients was collected retrospectively, and the IRB waived the requirement for informed consent for this group.
: Not applicable
: TM receives research funding and is a consultant for Edwards Lifesciences and consultant for Mallinckrodt. All other authors declare that they have no competing interests.