Funding for this research was provided by:
Abbott Nutrition (N/A)
Received: 2 April 2020
Accepted: 22 September 2020
First Online: 5 October 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Not applicable/required as only anonymous healthcare database data with no personal health information (PHI) utilized
: Not applicable.
: SS, BAC, and RH are employees and stockholders of Abbott. PEW has received grant funding related to this work from NIH, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Abbott, Baxter, Fresenius, Nutricia, and Takeda. PEW serves as a consultant to Abbott, Fresenius, Baxter, Cardinal Health Nutricia, and Takeda for research related to this work; received unrestricted gift donation for surgical and critical care nutrition research from Musclesound and Cosmed; and received honoraria or travel expenses for CME lectures on improving nutrition care in surgery and critical care from Abbott, Baxter, and Nutricia. DGAW receives support from NIH T32 Anesthesiology Department Research Training Grant.