Funding for this research was provided by:
Fosun Nursing Research Fund Project of Fundan University (FNF201918)
Special Foundation for Nursing in Health Research Project in Jing 'an District, Shanghai (2019HL01)
First-class Nursing Discipline Construction Project of Fudan University (FNSYL202006)
Received: 14 February 2021
Accepted: 16 January 2022
First Online: 7 April 2022
: The institutional review board of Huashan Hospital approved the study, and each participant provided written informed consent.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.