Received: 11 December 2018
Accepted: 1 February 2019
First Online: 20 February 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: This study is based on institutional antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) yearly reports/pamphlets generated and distributed by clinical microbiology laboratories. This information is publically available. The institutional review board (IRB) Committee of one of the participating hospitals, Makassed General Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon, granted this study ethical approval. All data were purely based on microorganisms, and no patient data were included; hence, the IRB waived the requirement of informed consent from patients.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.