Funding for this research was provided by:
Swiss National Science Foundation (32003B_163262)
Received: 7 October 2019
Accepted: 3 February 2020
First Online: 11 February 2020
: Ethics approval for the study was obtained from the Research and Ethics Committee of the Jos University Teaching Hospital. HREC number: NHREC/13/03/2010. All data were securely and confidentially kept. Consent for participation was not applicable in this study.
: Not applicable.
: All listed authors declare no financial support, grants, financial interests or consultancy that could lead to conflicts of interest.Didier Pittet works with WHO in the context of the WHO initiative ‘Private Organizations for Patient Safety – Hand Hygiene’.