Funding for this research was provided by:
Kemin Industries, Des Moines, IA, USA (N/A)
Received: 17 January 2019
Accepted: 10 May 2019
First Online: 4 July 2019
: Yuan-Tai Hung, is a Ph.D. candidate at the University of Minnesota with interest in swine nutrition and intestinal physiology.Andrea R. Hanson, Ph.D., is a swine nutritionist at Professional Swine Management, LLC in Carthage, IL with expertise in nutrient digestion and utilization, and lipid oxidation and utilization.Pedro E. Urriola, Ph.D., is a Research Assistant Professor of Animal Science at the University of Minnesota with expertise in nutrition, nutrient digestion and utilization, and dietary fiber in alternative feed ingredients for pigs.Lee J. Johnston, Ph.D., is a Professor of Animal Science at the University of Minnesota with expertise in gilt development, sow nutrition, and nutrition/environment interactions.Brian J. Kerr, Ph.D., is a lead scientist at the USDA-Agricultural Research Service since 2001 with expertise in non-ruminant nutrition research.Gerald C. Shurson, Ph.D., is a Professor of Animal Science at the University of Minnesota with expertise in nutrition, energy and nutrient digestibility, nutrient utilization, lipid oxidation and utilization, and alternative feed ingredients in swine diets.
: The University of Minnesota Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee approved the experimental design and animal use under protocol 1304-30545A.
: All authors provide consent to publish this article.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.