Funding for this research was provided by:
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (PTDC/MAR-BIO/1547/2014, EXPL/MAR-EST/1664/2013, SFRH/BD/116642/2016, CEECIND/00788/2017, UIDB/04565/2020)
Received: 6 February 2020
Accepted: 18 October 2020
First Online: 14 February 2021
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: This article does neither contain any studies with human participants nor vertebrate animals or cephalopods performed by any of the authors. This study was exempt from ethical approval procedures according to the current Portuguese legislation. All procedures involving animals were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institution (Centre of Marine Sciences (CCMAR), Faro, Portugal) at which the sponge and octocoral samples were processed. This study did not involve endangered or protected sponge and octocoral species (according to the IUCN red list of threatened species, 02/11/2019:ExternalRef removed). The sampling of sponges and octocorals did not occur within privately owned or protected areas. Sampling procedures were minimally intrusive and preserved sponges and octocoral colonies at the field site.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests. The sponsors had no role in the design, execution, interpretation, or writing of the study.