Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institutes of Health, United States (R01 HD 034578, UH3 OD 023286)
Received: 17 May 2022
Accepted: 30 August 2022
First Online: 13 September 2022
: This research was performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Research protocols were approved by the Institutional Review Board of Harvard Pilgrim Health Care. All mothers provided written informed consent at enrollment and each follow-up visit. Adolescents < 18 years provided verbal assent and adolescents ≥ 18 years provided written informed consent.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.