Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-05-06
Received: 3 April 2019
Accepted: 11 April 2019
First Online: 6 May 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Not applicable
: Not applicable
: TR received a fee from Novo Nordisk, Pfizer, Serono/Merck, Sandoz/Hexal, Ipsen, and Ferring for consultation and being part of an academic advisory council. He also was paid a fee for lecturing by Novo Nordisk, Pfizer, Serono/Merck, Sandoz/Hexal, Ipsen, Ferring, and HiPP. The speech for HiPP took place at the Congress for Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 2018.DS has indirect interest by being an executive council of the German Society for Pediatric Endocrinology (DGKED) since 2011 and speaker of the Working Group Bone Metabolism since 2005. He was the leading author of the Guideline Rachitis Due to a Lack of Vitamin D. The focus of his work is bone metabolism and impaired growth. The key aspect of his clinical work is to be the chief of endocrinology at the Charité Berlin. He was also in charge of training classes from the DGKED and revision course of the German Association of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine.MW received research grants from the German Research Foundation, the German Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), and Boehringer-Ingelheim–Ulm University BioCenter and from Pfizer and Merck Serono. He also received fees from Nestlé, HiPP, Danone, Milupa, Pfizer, Ipsen, Merck Serono, Abbott, Novo Nordisk, Sandoz, InfectoPharm, Mediagnost, Synlab and consulting fees from Novo Nordisk, Nestlé, Danone, Milupa, and Abbott. He was paid a royalty by Ferring. He got indirect support from InfectoPharm, Nestlé, HiPP, Danone, Ipsen, Merck Serono, Abbott, Novo Nordisk, Sandoz, and Synlab by attending different conferences.SBDP received a fee for being member of the board from Alexion as well as for lecturing.CB received fees for a consultation of the public court, being a member of the board of IQTIG, WidO, and Fresenius. Also, he got paid for lecturing for Chiesi and Nestlé, and his research was financially supported by the German Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). CB’s employer has received fee equivalent payments from the Nestlé Nutrition Institute for CB’s presentations.BH lectured for the Professional Association for Pediatricians (BVKJ) and the German Diabetes Society (DDG) and received a fee. She also received third-party funds from MSD Sharp and Dome.FJ was a consultant for A&E, DKG, G-BA, Bundesfachgruppe Neonatology and got third-party funds from the first two named. He was also a member of the board for the Nestlé Nutrition Institute and received third-party funds. For lecturing, he received a fee for Bexter, Fresenius, Humana, Nestlé, and HiPP. For his research, he received third-party funds from Fonterra and Humana.TK declares no conflict of interest.AK has received financial grants from Ipsen Pharma.WM has received grants from Nestlé, Nutricia, and Nutrinia.CP does not indicate any potential conflicts of interest.SR does not indicate any potential conflicts of interest.BT received grants from Merck Serono, Sandoz, Hexal, PEP e.V., and biomedpark Medien GmbH.JW received fees for being part of a scientific board from Novo Nordisk and Ipsen as well as for lecturing for FOMF, Pfizer, Novo Nordisk, Merck, Hexal, and Ipsen.PZ received a fee for being in the scientific board of the Deutsche Ärzteblatt.The Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München and its employee BK were supported by financial support from the Commission of the European Communities (FP5-QLRT-2001-00389 CHOPIN, FP5-QLAM-2001-00582 PIANO, FP6-007036QLRT-2001-00389 EARNEST, FP7 -289346- EarlyNutrition), the European Research Council (Grant ERC-2012 AdG - no.322605 META-GROWTH), the European Joint Programming Initiative NutriProgram ERA-HDHL, the European Erasmus + programs Early Nutrition eAcademy Southeast Asia - 573651-EPP -1-2016-1-EN-EPPKA2-CBHE-JP and Capacity Building to Improve Early Nutrition and Health in South Africa - 598488-EPP-1-2018-1-EN-EPPKA2-CBHE-JP, and the European Interreg- Program Focus in CD - CE111. Additional funding was provided by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (No. 01 GI 0825 and INST 409 / 224-1 FUGG), the German Research Foundation (KO912 / 10-1), the McHealth innovation initiative of the LMU and the LMU Center for Advanced Studies. LMU and its employee BK have collaborated with pharmaceutical and dietetic food companies on scientific and educational projects, mostly as part of publicly funded research projects. None of these interactions have affected the content of this manuscript.All authors do not declare a conflict of interest under the guidelines of the US Institute of Medicine.
: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.