Received: 12 December 2019
Accepted: 16 July 2020
First Online: 22 July 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: This study complies with national guidelines. It was done on a subset of data from the Toxicology Investigators Consortium’s (ToxIC’s) database. The data collection for ToxIC was reviewed by the Western Institutional Review Board (WIRB) and because no personal health information was collected and there was patient intervention it was judged not to be human subjects research. All institutions contributing data did so after review and acceptance by their Institutional Review Boards.
: Not Applicable.
: The corresponding author of this article is one of the associate editors of the journal of BMC pharmacology and toxicology. Other co-authors have no competing interests.