Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (U24DE026914)
Received: 7 June 2020
Accepted: 27 October 2020
First Online: 13 November 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The animal procedures and euthanization protocol were reviewed and approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee at UC Davis (under protocol #20977) with institutional guidelines for the Care and Use of laboratory Animals.
: Not applicable.
: Drs. NE Lane and W. Yao’s husbands are the founders of “Bone and Arthritis Regenerative Medicine”, who has licensed LLP2A-Ale from the University of California. The other authors do not have a conflict of interest.