Funding for this research was provided by:
American Association for Cancer Research (16-80-44-SIMO)
National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (R01DE024550, P50DE019032)
National Cancer Institute (F99CA223062, R01CA177669, P30CA006973)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (T32AI007511)
Received: 12 March 2019
Accepted: 20 June 2019
First Online: 16 July 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the University of Iowa Institutional Review Board, the University of Pittsburgh Institutional Review Board, the Independent Ethics Committee, the Belgian Health Authorities and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. All patients signed written consent documents before participating in their respective studies. All data obtained from the TCGA and the GEO database is completely anonymized and available to the public, therefore, further approval for its use was not required. All procedures performed in studies involving animals were in accordance with the ethical standards of the IACUC committee of the University of Iowa and conformed to the guidelines established by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.