Funding for this research was provided by:
australian research council discovery early career research award (DE180100828)
australian antarctic division (AAS projects 2205, 2722, 4087 and 4518)
Received: 27 June 2021
Accepted: 17 August 2021
First Online: 26 August 2021
: All devices attached to penguins and animal handling procedures were with approval from the Australian Antarctic Division Animal Ethics Committee.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.