Funding for this research was provided by:
University of Montana
National Science Foundation (1556248)
Received: 14 January 2022
Accepted: 28 March 2022
First Online: 8 April 2022
: Research Permits: Researchers fit wolves and grizzly bears with GPS collars for several research projects with the following permits: University of Alberta Animal care protocol ID# 353112, University of Montana Institutional Animal Care Protocol 059-08MHECS-120908, 004-16MHECS-020916, 066-18MHWB-123118, Parks Canada Research and Collection Permits LL-2010-4392, BAN-2015-18276, BAN-2018-30898, LL- 2012-10975.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.