Funding for this research was provided by:
Harry Barberian Scholarship
Head and Neck Cancer Alliance/American Head and Neck Society International Outreach Cancer Prevention Award
Received: 7 April 2020
Accepted: 30 June 2020
First Online: 9 July 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Ethics approval was obtained from St. Michael’s Hospital Research Ethics Board (#17–288). As this is a vulnerable population, someone within their circle of care made the initial approach (i.e. administrator at the homeless shelter). Written consent was obtained in the presence of the shelter administrator from individual participant, and care was taken to ensure that no coercion and undue influence was exerted, and that all participation was voluntary in nature. It was clarified that participants were able to withdraw their consent to participation in the study at any time. During the consent process, participants were explained that a screening head and neck physician examination was to be performed by a resident physician, with care arranged with a staff Otolaryngologist, at St. Michael’s Hospital, as necessary. All questions were answered to the satisfaction of the participants.
: Written consent was obtained from shelter administrators and individual participants.