Funding for this research was provided by:
Papillon Club of America
National Institutes of Health (OD010939)
Received: 24 September 2020
Accepted: 19 November 2020
First Online: 30 November 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Not applicable as only data from samples submitted for clinical diagnostics were used.
: Not applicable.
: The authors are or were associated with the not-for-profit PennGen Laboratories, which offer certain DNA and metabolic testing for hereditary diseases in dogs and cats.