Funding for this research was provided by:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NNX16AC78G.)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2018-06-20
Received: 16 October 2017
Accepted: 4 April 2018
First Online: 20 June 2018
: Ralph Lorenz is a planetary scientist on the Principal Professional Staff of the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL). He is a member of the Cassini RADAR team, a Co-I on the Huygens Surface Science Package, a Collaborator on the InSight Seismometer team, and a NASA Participating Scientist on the JAXA Akatsuki mission. He is involved in formulating mission and instrument concepts at Titan, Europa, Venus, and Mars. He holds five NASA Group Achievement awards. He is the author of seven books, including “Dune Worlds,” “Lifting Titan’s Veil,” “Spinning Flight,” and “Space Systems Failures.” Prior to joining APL in 2006, Lorenz was at the Lunar and Planetary Lab, University of Arizona. He has a B.Eng. in Aerospace Systems Engineering from the University of Southampton in the UK and a Ph.D. in Physics in 1994 from the University of Kent at Canterbury and worked for the European Space Agency on the design of the Huygens probe, for which he performed the lightning hazard assessment.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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