Funding for this research was provided by:
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (18J00585, 16H06291, 15J10456)
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (Integrated Research Program for Advancing Climate Models (TOUGOU) Grant Number JPMXD0717935457, Japan and the Arctic Challenge for Sustainability II (ArCS II) Project (Program Grant Number JPMXD1420318865))
Received: 14 November 2019
Accepted: 31 August 2020
First Online: 7 October 2020
: The authors declare that they have no competing interest.