Funding for this research was provided by:
National Natural Science Foundation of China (31870369, 31670424, 31970433)
China Biodiversity Observation Networks (Sino BON)
Received: 22 May 2020
Accepted: 27 October 2020
First Online: 8 December 2020
Ethical approval and consent to participate
: The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers): The Animal Ethics Committee, Research for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences fully approved this study. Approval for bird capture and transmitter deployment in Mongolia was obtained from the Ministry of Nature, Environmental and Tourism of Mongolia (permission number: No 06/2862). Approval for transmitter deployment at Qinghai Lake, China was obtained from the Qinghai Lake National Nature Reserve authorities.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.