Funding for this research was provided by:
National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31870369, No. 31970433)
Youth Innovation Promotion Association, Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. 2020046)
China Biodiversity Observation Networks (Sino BON)
Received: 28 February 2021
Accepted: 10 November 2021
First Online: 4 December 2021
: The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e. approving body and any reference numbers): The Animal Ethics Committee, Research for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences fully approved this study. Approval for bird capture and transmitter deployment in Mongolia was obtained from the Ministry of Nature, Environmental and Tourism of Mongolia (permission number: No. 06/2862). Approval for transmitter deployment at Qixing River and Hulun Lake, China was obtained from the Qixing River National Nature Reserve authorities and Hulun Lake National Nature Reserve Administration.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.