Funding for this research was provided by:
the National Science Foundation for Scholars of China (81871407)
Shanghai Municipal Key Clinical Specialty (shslczdzk03401)
Three-year Action Plan of Clinical Skills and Innovation of Shanghai Hospital Development Center (SHDC2020CR3079B)
the Shanghai Science and Technology Committee (20DZ2201800)
Three-year Action Plan for the fifth round of public health system construction in Shanghai (GWV-10.1-XK10)
Next Generation Information Infrastructure Construction Project (201901014)
Received: 15 August 2022
Accepted: 20 December 2022
First Online: 2 January 2023
: All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This retrospective study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, and written informed consent was signed for the use of the data from all the subjects.
: All authors discussed and approved the final manuscript for submission.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.